Indigenous institutions of conflict resolution among the Ab"ala Afar of North-eastern Ethiopia

  • 107 Pages
  • 0.77 MB
  • English
Dept. of Sociology and Social Anthropology, Addis Ababa University , Addis Ababa
Afar (African people) -- Social life and customs, Conflict management -- Ethiopia, Ethnology -- Eth
StatementKelemework Tafere.
SeriesSocial anthropology dissertation series -- no. 11
LC ClassificationsDT380.4.A33 K45 2006
The Physical Object
Paginationxiv, 107 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL22554576M
LC Control Number2008349419

Ethiopia has a number of indigenous conflict resolution mechanisms which have been practiced for centuries by different ethnic groups to restore justice and sustain peace.

These deep rooted approaches, consequently, have enabled the societies to resolve and settle disputes peacefully, establish peace, strengthen the fabrics of the communities.

Indigenous Conflict Resolution Institutions in Ethiopia Ethiopia is believed to be the “museum of peoples” with more than 80 ethnic groups constituting and forming one nation state.

It is a country of diversity harboring varieties of languages, different religions and faiths as well as quite many nations and nationalities with their own. Like other traditional African countries (Eskedar, ), different ethnic groups in Ethiopia have developed and practiced their own indigenous institutions and systems of conflict resolution Author: Daniel Mekonnen.

This chapter describes the role of the gadaa system, an institution developed for guiding the social, political, economic and religious life of the Oromo people in Ethiopia and for managing resources such as water, as well as its contribution in conflict resolution among individuals and communities.

It discusses ways to overcome theFile Size: KB. Indigenous Conflict Resolution Mechanisms among the Kembata Society There are different traditional institutions to solve the conflicts among Kembata societies.

These are Reeda, Gudagambelatradition. The local communities prefer customary laws than Ethiopia is a country in which various ethnic groups. (FDRE, ). Even if indigenous conflict resolution mechanism differs from society to society, from region to region and from culture to culture, there are certain features that indigenous institutions attribute in common.

This article explores the major feature of indigenous conflict resolution institution in Ethiopia. The "Woma" institution with other indigenous/traditional/ institutions, is well-regulated slightly, formalized and institutionalized. As a matter of fact, this institution is prearranged from the.

Profile of the Region Afar Regional States located in the Northeast of Ethiopia, is structured into 5 zones and 29 wereda and kebele. Afar land, comprising aboutsq. km, stretches from the Middle Awash Valley in the south to the coastal depression of the Red Sea in the North The Afar also live in the northern part of Djibouti and in the costal region in Eritrea south of the Bori.

areas of Ethiopia. This study explores the indigenous conflict management and resolution mechanisms that have been working among the pastoral communities in the Shinile zone. Moreover, it attempts to identify the nature and types, underlying causes and consequences of conflicts among pastoralists using range resources.

Keywords: pastoralists. Actors in Indigenous Conflict Resolution Mechanism Sustainability of Indigenous Conflict Resolution Mechanism Enforceability of Indigenous Conflict Resolution Mechanism African Traditional Institutions of Conflict Resolution.

Chapter Three: Research Methodology Site Selection and Description of the Study Area The Role of Women in Indigenous Conflict Resolution among the Issa and Gurgura clans of Somali in Eastern Ethiopia, African Journal on Conflict Resolution.

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Vol. 10, No. 1,ISSN –Durban. Google Scholar [10] Kelemework, Tafere. Indigenous Institutions of Conflict Resolution among the Ab’ala Afar of North-eastern Ethiopia. A study was conducted among the Afar pastoralists of northeastern Ethiopia on local traditions of resolving inter-clan and inter-ethnic conflict.

Qualitative data was collected using ethnographic tools such as Observations, Key Informant Interviews and Focus Group Discussions.

The findings of the study revealed an increasing trend in inter-clan conflict over the past decades. There are many actors involved in the conflict resolution process. At the state level (regions/towns) the chieftaincy (chief) is the key institution for conflict resolution.

Among the Akans, the leader of the traditional state is the paramount chief (omanhene) followed by the divisional chiefs (ohene), and the head of villages (odikro - literally. In the east the most developed interethnic dispute resolution institutions is between the Afar and their neighbours.

Inter-ethnic conflict resolution mechanisms between Afar, Issa, Tigrayans, and Argobba, are known as xinto among the Afar, édiblé among the Issa, gereb among the Tigrayans, Aborogé among the Amhara, and arrara among the.

Keywords: Gadaa, indigenous institution, Oromo, conflict resolution, Awash River Basin, Borana. Introduction Ethiopia is said to have abundant potential water resources, all emanating within its territory.

Nevertheless, water resources scarcity in the country is to be understood in terms of its spatial and temporal distributions. Indigenous conflict resolution mechanisms have great untapped potential in maintaining social solidarity among a multiethnic and multicultural society such as Ethiopia.

Herb" to the All-Africa Conference on African Principles of Conflict Resolution and Reconciliation which was held from the 8th until the 12th of November in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

He is in this paper concerned with integrating indigenous approaches with national and international mechanisms for conflict resolution and reconciliation. conflict in Djibouti as between the Afars and the Issas” (Hizkias, 18)).

What Hizkias shows herein is that many people hold the belief that almost all of the conflictual problems in the Horn of Africa and particularly of Ethiopia emanate from ethnic differences. In addition, in the case of Ethiopia, Asnake.

Keywords: Conflict, indigenous institutions, sustainable peace INTRODUCTION. Achievement of sustainable peace is one of the greatest concerns of all countries.

In pre-colonial Africa, this was achieved through the use of indigenous institutions. Indigenous conflict resolution in Africa had spectacular feature uncommon in the global space. indigenous conflict resolution techniques among pastoralists, to examine the forms and application of indigenous conflict resolution techniques among pastoralists, and to determine the strengths and challenges of indigenous conflict resolution techniques.

Desalegn Chemeda Edossa, Mukand Singh Babel, Ashim Das Gupta and Seleshi Bekele Awulachew ().Indigenous systems of conflict resolution in Oromia, Ethiopia.

International workshop on 'African Water Laws: Plural Legislative Frameworks for Rural WaterManagement in Africa', JanuaryJohannesburg, South Africa. Emmy, Toonen The Horn of Africa in general and Ethiopia in particular is an area where various forms of human interaction and complex forms of social relations have existed for centuries (Clapham, ).

However, such interactions and integrations have not been peaceful all the time. The history of Ethiopia is riddled by intra- and inter-state conflicts. Chapter 3 discusses the case of Afar in Ethiopia.

It presents a gamut of actors in traditional conflict resolution and their complementary roles. The chapter argues that traditional institutions in the Afar region, especially elders, play a critical role in resolving conflicts between clans and. This paper describes the role of the Gadaa system, a uniquely democratic political and social institution of the Oromo people in Ethiopia, in the utilization of important resources such as water, as well as its contribution in conflict resolution.

Conflict resolution specialists assert that conflict is a normal, even healthy part of human interaction. While that may be true in circumstances in which the parties to a conflict share similar values and cultures, have equal status and ability to press their claims, and are equally protected by the rules under which the conflict materialized and must be resolved, such "healthy" conflict.

An International Multidisciplinary Journal, Ethiopia Vol.

Description Indigenous institutions of conflict resolution among the Ab"ala Afar of North-eastern Ethiopia FB2

8 (2), Serial No. 33, April, Levels of conflict resolution among some selected ethnic groups in Africa Among the Yoruba peoples, indigenous law derives essentially from. About this Item: LAP Lambert Acad.

Publ. NovTaschenbuch. Condition: Neu. Neuware - This manuscript focus on an intensive case study on one of the most known indigenous conflict resolution mechanism in North East Ethiopia called the Abegar System. This volume contains the papers presented at the Conference 'Ethiopian and German Contributions to Conflict Management and Resolution' of NovemberAddis Ababa.

The aim of this conference was to bring researchers and those working in the practical field of conflict resolution together, before the background of renewed internal and international conflict.

Indigenous peoples in Ethiopia Written on 12 September Posted in Ethiopia. The groups meeting the criteria for identification of indigenous peoples in Ethiopia include the pastoralists and hunter/gatherer communities including the forest dwelling Majang (Majengir), who live in the Gambela region.

The Pastoralists.

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The land of Konso has experienced many bloody conflicts both within and among other neighboring communities. These conflicts have claimed many lives, damaged many hectare of crops, and houses were burnt. The existing indigenous cultural institutions are doing a remarkable works in mediating and transforming the s: 1.

Keywords: indigenous-knowledge, conflict-resolution, Anyuaa's traditional institutions, skills and wisdoms 1. Introduction Conflict is a natural phenomena in the life of human beings which occur in relation of interaction for socio-cultural, economic and political purposes.

The universe itself revolve through conflict.Religion is a controversial issue in world affairs. Especially in Africa, religion has been at the heart of much of the contemporary conflicts.

Religion is often depicted as a trigger factor in many conflicts. Religion is also often being blamed as a.(Ndlovu-Gatsheni, ). The notion of including indigenous systems in conflict handling was then advocated for as a fundamental pillar in resolving African conflicts and problems by the that concepts like conflict resolution and conflict management were formulated to bring a sense The shrine of tiru sina in Ethiopia, gadaa oromo in.